Register now for your
free exhibition pass


9, 10, 11 October 2018
Hall 8, Amsterdam RAI, The Netherlands

The world's largest meteorological event. More new technology on display than ever!

Conference Programme

The conference is free to attend - just exhibition registration is required to gain access


Day 1: Tuesday 10 October

Measurement and Technology

Moderator

Alan DeCiantis
Director of Product
FTS Inc
CANADA

10:30

IDS-20 – next-generation ice detection system

Christoph Sommer
Sales Director
Sommer Messtechnik GmbH
AUSTRIA
Ice covering exposed machinery and buildings can jeopardise the safety of people and equipment, a smooth operation or the device itself. Thus, it has to be removed manually or melted away by heating systems, which is maintenance intensive and costly. Sommer Messtechnik has developed a new ice detection sensor, IDS-20. The innovative sensor automatically and reliably detects icing. It measures the complex impedances of the medium around the sensor based on the fact that air, water and ice have different dielectric constants at different frequencies. Fields of application are wind power stations, aviation, road traffic control, high-voltage power lines and civil constructions.

11:00

A practical application of IoT in hydrology

Zoë Fyfe
Product manager
FTS Inc
CANADA
Three independent sites: one monitoring water turbidity, another observing a bank’s erosion with a camera system, and the third collecting meteorological data, all from the same geographical location. Each system collects important data that, when amalgamated, is substantially more valuable. Leveraging this information is now faster and easier because of the Internet of Things ecosystem. IoT is more than having all the data reside in the same database in the cloud. Discover how these three sites take advantage of new technologies while reducing servicing costs, enhancing response time and improving data worth.

11:30

UAS applications: versatile analytical monitoring

Anne Baumgaertel
CEO
Exabotix GmbH
GERMANY
Visual inspections are a common application of drones for industrial use. Drone platforms and control systems (unmanned aerial systems – UAS) in combination with various imaging techniques such as high-definition video cameras, near-infrared, thermal or multispectral cameras are suitable for visual monitoring tasks. Analytical monitoring comes into consideration when complex measurement tasks are in demand. Gas analysis of contaminated clouds and meteorological systems in combination with visual monitoring are the focus of versatile unmanned systems. Germany's BBL Elektronik & Aeromet and the industry-drone company Exabotix are targeting the future market of versatile drones for analytical monitoring.

12:00

VOLCLAB: a versatile science package for meteorological balloons and UAVs

Prof Giles Harrison
Professor of Atmospheric Physics
Department of Meteorology, University of Reading
UK
VOLCLAB is a disposable instrument package for volcanic ash measurements, such as rapid emergency deployment on weather balloon or UAV platforms. The payload is customisable through stackable sensor modules. Options include a newly developed gravimetric sensor using the oscillating microbalance principle to measure mass directly, an SO2 gas detector, an LED optical sensor to detect ash and cloud backscatter, a charge sensor to characterise plume electrical properties, and an accelerometer to measure in-plume turbulence. For radiosondes, VOLCLAB uses the established PANDORA interface to provide data exchange and power, programmable to support a range of host radiosondes or other data platforms.

12:30

VisCam – camera-based visibility measurement experience from an ANSP

Jochen Steiner
Researcher
Joanneum Research Forschungsgesellschaft mbH
AUSTRIA
The visibility measurement system VisCam is currently under evaluation at ANSP Austro Control on its ability to support automated assessment of the weather situation by standard cameras. By means of image processing, VisCam is able to automatically derive visibility measures of the whole camera-covered area. It automatically detects suitable landmarks to estimate the general visibility and, with the help of distance maps, derives visibility measures that can be reported in customised and standard formats (e.g. METAR). The talk will present the basic capabilities of VisCam, the application scenarios at Austro Control as well as the achieved results.

13:00

Exclusive outlook on Lufft technologies for meteorological and airport applications

Holger Wille
Product and business unit manager - optical sensors
Lufft
GERMANY
Lufft will present its latest product developments used in aviation weather information systems as well as in meteorological and environmental monitoring systems. This includes cloud base, precipitation, visibility and present weather sensors, such as the new CHM8k, VS20k, WS100 or the well introduced OTT Parsivel² sensor. Additionally, Lufft will present the field test result of its precise weather sensors, the new snow depth sensor SHM31 and an outlook on upcoming sensors.

Earth Observation

Moderator

Simon van den Dries
Managing director
Rencos BV
NETHERLANDS

13:30

Mega-constellations: a strategic move for meteorological and climate services

Yvette Ramos
Expert
Ynovaimo
SWITZERLAND
Satellites are used to carry a broad range of payloads, to serve a large number of services, including broadcast, communication, broadband, earth observation navigation, science and research. A satellite constellation is made up of several satellites working together to deliver a specific service in low earth orbit, with low latency, global coverage, mass-produced satellites at a reduced cost. This presentation aims at raising awareness of other possibilities for connectedness, to bring innovative services in the areas of climate, weather and disaster risk management, while using satellite constellations, beyond the provision of connectivity.

14:00

Atmosfear: is the economy growing more vulnerable to weather?

Dr Vladimir Jankovic
Senior lecturer
University of Manchester
UK
What indices are there to suggest that the economy is becoming more vulnerable to the weather? How is this information conveyed to business, the meteorological industry and the public? How is the meteorological industry responding to this information? Is there a strategy that meets the industrial need for weather information and the technological production of weather information?

14:30

Business opportunities with satellite data and terrestrial technologies

Koen Verberne
Director and co-founder
52impact
NETHERLANDS
The combination of satellite- and terrestrial technologies create business opportunities in all types of markets ranging from humanitarian interventions, climate services and tourism. In this presentation, we will discuss multiple commercial services in which we are involved that show the power of combining technologies such as Earth observation, Internet of Things and Crowdsourced analytics.

15:00

Eumetsat Data Collection System (DCS)

Nicholas Coyne
Additional data service manager
Eumetsat
The Meteosat satellites located at 0° longitude, and over the Indian Ocean at 41.5° East, acquire Data Collection Platform (DCP) data, in the form of observations and environmental parameters, from operators of DCPs, which are located within the footprint of the satellites. This presentation will focus on the types of platforms supported by the Meteosat satellites, including both standard and high data rate transmitters. It will describe who can use the system and also how to receive the data. The presentation will also give information about future plans for the system.

Day 1: Tuesday 10 October

Agriculture/Environmental

Moderator

Bill Conway
CEO
WDSS International
USA

10:30

Measure the invisible water

Hans van Rheenen
Innovation manager
Eijkelkamp Soil & Water
NETHERLANDS
Rain and snow can be seen, but the greatest amount of water loss from virtually all areas in the world is caused by evapotranspiration. Reliable figures are lacking on this invisible water loss, largely because evaporation is so difficult to measure. A new lysimeter provides these measurements by using a system of weighing cells to measure water content changes, and sensors to mimic the surrounding soil water conditions in an isolated, undisturbed soil column. In this way, accurate data is obtained on the soil water content and water fluxes including evapotranspiration and groundwater recharge.

11:00

Network monitoring CO2 and assessing atmospheric mixing during inversions

Dr Bruce Bugbee
President
Apogee Instruments
USA
Mountain valleys experience pooling of cold air at the valley floor during nights with stable atmospheric conditions. When cold air pooling persists for several days, anthropogenic emissions are trapped and accumulate. Accurate, low-power, infrared CO2 analysers continuously monitor CO2 on automated weather stations and are positioned in a network that includes measurements at multiple elevations. Precise air temperature and wind measurements from aspirated shields and 2D-sonic anemometers are coupled with a CO2 emissions model to estimate atmospheric mixing and inversion depth. The long-term goal is to estimate the collective rate of pollutant emissions from the population of the valley.

11:30

Rainfall real-time monitoring with X-band radar network

Dr Emmanuel Buisson
President
Weather Measures
FRANCE
In 2015 and 2016 Weather Measures installed two X-band radar networks in France for precision agriculture and flash-flood applications. The presentation will describe the global approach we took for the building of these X-band radar networks: the choice of the sites and the radar type, the process of the installation, the first measurements and the complex process of calibration with comparison to local rain gauges. Today, the two X-band radar networks are operational and we present in detail different applications in agriculture and for a flash-flood alert tool.

Aviation

Moderator

Bill Conway
CEO
WDSS International
USA

12:00

Airport Data Analytics based on wind and runway contaminant analysis for prevention or mitigation of runway excursions

Frédéric Barbaresco
Senior expert
Thales Air Systems
FRANCE
This talk will present first results of the European Future Sky Safety programme dedicated to the P3 project addressing solutions for runway excursions. The main objectives are: to identify shortcomings and improve methods and models for analysing aircraft ground control under crosswind and on slippery runways; to gain insight into the impact of water/slush-covered runways on braking performance for modern tyres and anti-skid systems; to study and develop algorithms to identify veer-off risk using operational flight data; to explore new concepts for prevention or mitigation of runway excursions.

12:30

Introduction of dual thermistor radiosonde (DTR) for in-situ solar correction

Dr Yong-Gyoo Kim
Principal research scientist
KRISS
KOREA
This presentation will introduce a dual-thermistor radiosonde (DTR) with different emissivity, as a new SI-traceable in-situ radiosonde solar correction technique. It is based on the fact that temperatures of radiosonde thermistors will depend on the degree of solar irradiance on each sensor; thus, if we know the relationship between the solar irradiance and temperature of thermistors, we can get the correct air temperature directly during flight. The speaker will present the principles of the dual-thermistor technique and how to calibrate, and will show the current experimental results including real sounding results.

13:00

SkyCast Wind and Thermodynamic Profiling System for monitoring hazardous weather

Bill Conway
CEO
WDSS International
USA
The SkyCast Wind and Thermodynamic Profiling System (WTPS) contains instrumentation, hazardous weather detection algorithms and display systems that provide important observational and nowcasting tools to enhance forecasters’ abilities to determine the presence of hazardous weather conditions. The WTPS is applicable to locations that need constant updates on local atmospheric conditions. WTPS is used to monitor: temperature, humidity and liquid water content; atmospheric stability and convective indices; presence of wind shear; low-level jet formation/strength/dissipation; presence of fog and its characteristics; presence of icing conditions. This talk will describe the WTPS and its applications.

13:30

Global convective weather for aviation

Kevin Kronfeld
Principal systems engineer
Rockwell Collins
USA
The presentation will highlight some of the deficiencies in global convective weather for aviation avoidance and the challenges they create. It will introduce a new global convective product being developed by Rockwell Collins for aviation and explain how it will benefit global aviation weather avoidance decision making.

Traffic/Highways

Moderator

Rich Stedronsky
Director, Strategic Business Development and Partnerships/Executive
Enterprise Electronics Corporation
USA

14:00

Finnish Meteorological Institute (FMI) intelligent road weather applications

Dr Pertti Nurmi
Head, meteorological research applications
Finnish Meteorological Institute
FINLAND
FMI is highly active in associating its road weather R&D expertise with the strongly evolving ITS/ICT communities by developing and providing intelligent road weather applications for road end users. The presentation provides an overall picture of these activities under several international collaborative projects (ASSIST, WIRMA, Intelligent Arctic Trucks, CyberWI, 5G-Safe). Key ingredients in these actions are implementing of FMI road weather model (RWM) in new environments (e.g. Netherlands, Norway) and testing of the applicability of mobile vehicle observations as RWM input data. Studying various wireless communication protocols and tackling cybersecurity issues are also among the fundamental R&D activities.

Wind

Moderator

Richard Stedronsky
Director, strategic business development & partnerships/meteorologist
Enterprise Electronics Corporation
USA

14:30

Meteorological measurements in the North Sea for future offshore wind farms

Hans Verhoef
Project manager
ECN Wind Energy
NETHERLANDS
The Dutch government has an ambitious target for implementing offshore wind energy. Meteorological measurements play an important role. In this presentation we will focus on the role meteorological measurements play in achieving this target. Besides traditional meteorological masts, we will address fixed lidar and floating lidar systems.

15:00

Scanning lidar in offshore wind – how far can it go?

Dr Mike Anderson
Advisor
RES
UK
The Offshore Wind Accelerator has carried out a four-month trial of two pairs of scanning lidar devices – Leosphere and Lockheed Martin. These devices were installed in Dublin Bay and validated against two vertical profiling lidars to determine their accuracy and precision. The devices were set up to measure wind speeds in a nominal offshore wind farm within the bay, which stretched to over 10km from the devices at its furthest point. The results show phenomenal accuracy at ranges never tested before in offshore wind (>13km).

15:30

Comparison of wind speed measurements between small and miniature Doppler sodars and a lidar

Jean-Michel Fage
President
Remtech
FRANCE
Because nowadays wind energy requires very high windmills, the wind must be measured well above met towers, which makes remote sensing of wind essential. The Remtech short-range (PA-XS) and medium-range (PA0) sodars are small and light portable systems that measure remotely the vertical profile of wind speed, direction, thermal stratification and turbulence parameters at different heights. Their power consumption is very low (less than 10W) and because the design is mostly software orientated, the hardware is minimised, resulting in high reliability (over 100,000 hours MTBF) with no maintenance needed. But the most important feature, which is totally unique, is that the systems do not need any post filtering. This is thanks to multi-frequency coding, adaptive S/N variation per frequency point, unique noise subtraction technique and apparent angle of arrival technique. We will present results of the intercomparisons of wind speed and wind direction measured by our Sodar's versus a Lidar.

Day 1: Tuesday 10 October

Agriculture/Environmental

Moderator

Bill Conway
CEO
WDSS International
USA

10:30

Measure the invisible water

Hans van Rheenen
Innovation manager
Eijkelkamp Soil & Water
NETHERLANDS
Rain and snow can be seen, but the greatest amount of water loss from virtually all areas in the world is caused by evapotranspiration. Reliable figures are lacking on this invisible water loss, largely because evaporation is so difficult to measure. A new lysimeter provides these measurements by using a system of weighing cells to measure water content changes, and sensors to mimic the surrounding soil water conditions in an isolated, undisturbed soil column. In this way, accurate data is obtained on the soil water content and water fluxes including evapotranspiration and groundwater recharge.

11:00

Network monitoring CO2 and assessing atmospheric mixing during inversions

Dr Bruce Bugbee
President
Apogee Instruments
USA
Mountain valleys experience pooling of cold air at the valley floor during nights with stable atmospheric conditions. When cold air pooling persists for several days, anthropogenic emissions are trapped and accumulate. Accurate, low-power, infrared CO2 analysers continuously monitor CO2 on automated weather stations and are positioned in a network that includes measurements at multiple elevations. Precise air temperature and wind measurements from aspirated shields and 2D-sonic anemometers are coupled with a CO2 emissions model to estimate atmospheric mixing and inversion depth. The long-term goal is to estimate the collective rate of pollutant emissions from the population of the valley.

11:30

Rainfall real-time monitoring with X-band radar network

Dr Emmanuel Buisson
President
Weather Measures
FRANCE
In 2015 and 2016 Weather Measures installed two X-band radar networks in France for precision agriculture and flash-flood applications. The presentation will describe the global approach we took for the building of these X-band radar networks: the choice of the sites and the radar type, the process of the installation, the first measurements and the complex process of calibration with comparison to local rain gauges. Today, the two X-band radar networks are operational and we present in detail different applications in agriculture and for a flash-flood alert tool.

Measurement and Technology

Moderator

Alan DeCiantis
Director of Product
FTS Inc
CANADA

10:30

IDS-20 – next-generation ice detection system

Christoph Sommer
Sales Director
Sommer Messtechnik GmbH
AUSTRIA
Ice covering exposed machinery and buildings can jeopardise the safety of people and equipment, a smooth operation or the device itself. Thus, it has to be removed manually or melted away by heating systems, which is maintenance intensive and costly. Sommer Messtechnik has developed a new ice detection sensor, IDS-20. The innovative sensor automatically and reliably detects icing. It measures the complex impedances of the medium around the sensor based on the fact that air, water and ice have different dielectric constants at different frequencies. Fields of application are wind power stations, aviation, road traffic control, high-voltage power lines and civil constructions.

11:00

A practical application of IoT in hydrology

Zoë Fyfe
Product manager
FTS Inc
CANADA
Three independent sites: one monitoring water turbidity, another observing a bank’s erosion with a camera system, and the third collecting meteorological data, all from the same geographical location. Each system collects important data that, when amalgamated, is substantially more valuable. Leveraging this information is now faster and easier because of the Internet of Things ecosystem. IoT is more than having all the data reside in the same database in the cloud. Discover how these three sites take advantage of new technologies while reducing servicing costs, enhancing response time and improving data worth.

11:30

UAS applications: versatile analytical monitoring

Anne Baumgaertel
CEO
Exabotix GmbH
GERMANY
Visual inspections are a common application of drones for industrial use. Drone platforms and control systems (unmanned aerial systems – UAS) in combination with various imaging techniques such as high-definition video cameras, near-infrared, thermal or multispectral cameras are suitable for visual monitoring tasks. Analytical monitoring comes into consideration when complex measurement tasks are in demand. Gas analysis of contaminated clouds and meteorological systems in combination with visual monitoring are the focus of versatile unmanned systems. Germany's BBL Elektronik & Aeromet and the industry-drone company Exabotix are targeting the future market of versatile drones for analytical monitoring.

12:00

VOLCLAB: a versatile science package for meteorological balloons and UAVs

Prof Giles Harrison
Professor of Atmospheric Physics
Department of Meteorology, University of Reading
UK
VOLCLAB is a disposable instrument package for volcanic ash measurements, such as rapid emergency deployment on weather balloon or UAV platforms. The payload is customisable through stackable sensor modules. Options include a newly developed gravimetric sensor using the oscillating microbalance principle to measure mass directly, an SO2 gas detector, an LED optical sensor to detect ash and cloud backscatter, a charge sensor to characterise plume electrical properties, and an accelerometer to measure in-plume turbulence. For radiosondes, VOLCLAB uses the established PANDORA interface to provide data exchange and power, programmable to support a range of host radiosondes or other data platforms.

12:30

VisCam – camera-based visibility measurement experience from an ANSP

Jochen Steiner
Researcher
Joanneum Research Forschungsgesellschaft mbH
AUSTRIA
The visibility measurement system VisCam is currently under evaluation at ANSP Austro Control on its ability to support automated assessment of the weather situation by standard cameras. By means of image processing, VisCam is able to automatically derive visibility measures of the whole camera-covered area. It automatically detects suitable landmarks to estimate the general visibility and, with the help of distance maps, derives visibility measures that can be reported in customised and standard formats (e.g. METAR). The talk will present the basic capabilities of VisCam, the application scenarios at Austro Control as well as the achieved results.

13:00

Exclusive outlook on Lufft technologies for meteorological and airport applications

Holger Wille
Product and business unit manager - optical sensors
Lufft
GERMANY
Lufft will present its latest product developments used in aviation weather information systems as well as in meteorological and environmental monitoring systems. This includes cloud base, precipitation, visibility and present weather sensors, such as the new CHM8k, VS20k, WS100 or the well introduced OTT Parsivel² sensor. Additionally, Lufft will present the field test result of its precise weather sensors, the new snow depth sensor SHM31 and an outlook on upcoming sensors.

Aviation

Moderator

Bill Conway
CEO
WDSS International
USA

12:00

Airport Data Analytics based on wind and runway contaminant analysis for prevention or mitigation of runway excursions

Frédéric Barbaresco
Senior expert
Thales Air Systems
FRANCE
This talk will present first results of the European Future Sky Safety programme dedicated to the P3 project addressing solutions for runway excursions. The main objectives are: to identify shortcomings and improve methods and models for analysing aircraft ground control under crosswind and on slippery runways; to gain insight into the impact of water/slush-covered runways on braking performance for modern tyres and anti-skid systems; to study and develop algorithms to identify veer-off risk using operational flight data; to explore new concepts for prevention or mitigation of runway excursions.

12:30

Introduction of dual thermistor radiosonde (DTR) for in-situ solar correction

Dr Yong-Gyoo Kim
Principal research scientist
KRISS
KOREA
This presentation will introduce a dual-thermistor radiosonde (DTR) with different emissivity, as a new SI-traceable in-situ radiosonde solar correction technique. It is based on the fact that temperatures of radiosonde thermistors will depend on the degree of solar irradiance on each sensor; thus, if we know the relationship between the solar irradiance and temperature of thermistors, we can get the correct air temperature directly during flight. The speaker will present the principles of the dual-thermistor technique and how to calibrate, and will show the current experimental results including real sounding results.

13:00

SkyCast Wind and Thermodynamic Profiling System for monitoring hazardous weather

Bill Conway
CEO
WDSS International
USA
The SkyCast Wind and Thermodynamic Profiling System (WTPS) contains instrumentation, hazardous weather detection algorithms and display systems that provide important observational and nowcasting tools to enhance forecasters’ abilities to determine the presence of hazardous weather conditions. The WTPS is applicable to locations that need constant updates on local atmospheric conditions. WTPS is used to monitor: temperature, humidity and liquid water content; atmospheric stability and convective indices; presence of wind shear; low-level jet formation/strength/dissipation; presence of fog and its characteristics; presence of icing conditions. This talk will describe the WTPS and its applications.

13:30

Global convective weather for aviation

Kevin Kronfeld
Principal systems engineer
Rockwell Collins
USA
The presentation will highlight some of the deficiencies in global convective weather for aviation avoidance and the challenges they create. It will introduce a new global convective product being developed by Rockwell Collins for aviation and explain how it will benefit global aviation weather avoidance decision making.

Earth Observation

Moderator

Simon van den Dries
Managing director
Rencos BV
NETHERLANDS

13:30

Mega-constellations: a strategic move for meteorological and climate services

Yvette Ramos
Expert
Ynovaimo
SWITZERLAND
Satellites are used to carry a broad range of payloads, to serve a large number of services, including broadcast, communication, broadband, earth observation navigation, science and research. A satellite constellation is made up of several satellites working together to deliver a specific service in low earth orbit, with low latency, global coverage, mass-produced satellites at a reduced cost. This presentation aims at raising awareness of other possibilities for connectedness, to bring innovative services in the areas of climate, weather and disaster risk management, while using satellite constellations, beyond the provision of connectivity.

14:00

Atmosfear: is the economy growing more vulnerable to weather?

Dr Vladimir Jankovic
Senior lecturer
University of Manchester
UK
What indices are there to suggest that the economy is becoming more vulnerable to the weather? How is this information conveyed to business, the meteorological industry and the public? How is the meteorological industry responding to this information? Is there a strategy that meets the industrial need for weather information and the technological production of weather information?

14:30

Business opportunities with satellite data and terrestrial technologies

Koen Verberne
Director and co-founder
52impact
NETHERLANDS
The combination of satellite- and terrestrial technologies create business opportunities in all types of markets ranging from humanitarian interventions, climate services and tourism. In this presentation, we will discuss multiple commercial services in which we are involved that show the power of combining technologies such as Earth observation, Internet of Things and Crowdsourced analytics.

15:00

Eumetsat Data Collection System (DCS)

Nicholas Coyne
Additional data service manager
Eumetsat
The Meteosat satellites located at 0° longitude, and over the Indian Ocean at 41.5° East, acquire Data Collection Platform (DCP) data, in the form of observations and environmental parameters, from operators of DCPs, which are located within the footprint of the satellites. This presentation will focus on the types of platforms supported by the Meteosat satellites, including both standard and high data rate transmitters. It will describe who can use the system and also how to receive the data. The presentation will also give information about future plans for the system.

Traffic/Highways

Moderator

Rich Stedronsky
Director, Strategic Business Development and Partnerships/Executive
Enterprise Electronics Corporation
USA

14:00

Finnish Meteorological Institute (FMI) intelligent road weather applications

Dr Pertti Nurmi
Head, meteorological research applications
Finnish Meteorological Institute
FINLAND
FMI is highly active in associating its road weather R&D expertise with the strongly evolving ITS/ICT communities by developing and providing intelligent road weather applications for road end users. The presentation provides an overall picture of these activities under several international collaborative projects (ASSIST, WIRMA, Intelligent Arctic Trucks, CyberWI, 5G-Safe). Key ingredients in these actions are implementing of FMI road weather model (RWM) in new environments (e.g. Netherlands, Norway) and testing of the applicability of mobile vehicle observations as RWM input data. Studying various wireless communication protocols and tackling cybersecurity issues are also among the fundamental R&D activities.

Wind

Moderator

Richard Stedronsky
Director, strategic business development & partnerships/meteorologist
Enterprise Electronics Corporation
USA

14:30

Meteorological measurements in the North Sea for future offshore wind farms

Hans Verhoef
Project manager
ECN Wind Energy
NETHERLANDS
The Dutch government has an ambitious target for implementing offshore wind energy. Meteorological measurements play an important role. In this presentation we will focus on the role meteorological measurements play in achieving this target. Besides traditional meteorological masts, we will address fixed lidar and floating lidar systems.

15:00

Scanning lidar in offshore wind – how far can it go?

Dr Mike Anderson
Advisor
RES
UK
The Offshore Wind Accelerator has carried out a four-month trial of two pairs of scanning lidar devices – Leosphere and Lockheed Martin. These devices were installed in Dublin Bay and validated against two vertical profiling lidars to determine their accuracy and precision. The devices were set up to measure wind speeds in a nominal offshore wind farm within the bay, which stretched to over 10km from the devices at its furthest point. The results show phenomenal accuracy at ranges never tested before in offshore wind (>13km).

15:30

Comparison of wind speed measurements between small and miniature Doppler sodars and a lidar

Jean-Michel Fage
President
Remtech
FRANCE
Because nowadays wind energy requires very high windmills, the wind must be measured well above met towers, which makes remote sensing of wind essential. The Remtech short-range (PA-XS) and medium-range (PA0) sodars are small and light portable systems that measure remotely the vertical profile of wind speed, direction, thermal stratification and turbulence parameters at different heights. Their power consumption is very low (less than 10W) and because the design is mostly software orientated, the hardware is minimised, resulting in high reliability (over 100,000 hours MTBF) with no maintenance needed. But the most important feature, which is totally unique, is that the systems do not need any post filtering. This is thanks to multi-frequency coding, adaptive S/N variation per frequency point, unique noise subtraction technique and apparent angle of arrival technique. We will present results of the intercomparisons of wind speed and wind direction measured by our Sodar's versus a Lidar.

Day 2: Wednesday 11 October

Measurement and Technology

Moderator

Prof David McLaughlin
Professor and associate dean
University of Massachusetts
USA

10:30

Off-the-shelf instrumentation of small UAVs

Anders Petersson
President
Sparv Embedded AB
SWEDEN
UAVs hold great promise to deliver in-situ measurements that were previously impossible or cost-prohibitive. We will introduce common challenges of UAV-based sensing and how we address them for an off-the-shelf solution called Sparv Sensors, which is both flexible and easy to use. As a case in point, we present how we help Uppsala University capture high-resolution carbon dioxide readings and correlate them with detailed inversion layer data. This is used to calculate carbon dioxide flux to map the role of lakes in the carbon cycle.

11:00

Sonic thermometry: reference for temperature measurements in fan-aspirated radiation shields

Mark Blonquist
Chief scientist
Apogee Instruments
USA
Sonic anemometers can serve as sonic thermometers if humidity measurements are available (speed of sound in air depends on temperature and humidity). The advantage of sonic thermometry is absence of a physical sensor that must equilibrate with air, providing rapid response and eliminating radiant heating. Temperature from sonic thermometry is directly connected to first principles because speed of sound in a gas (air) is directly related to gas thermodynamic temperature and can be used as a reference to determine the influence of radiant heating on physical sensors. A sonic thermometer was used to verify performance of fan-aspirated radiation shields.

11:30

Design of efficient calibration laboratory for meteorological services

Adam Krovina
Head of calibration laboratory
MicroStep-MIS
SLOVAKIA
According to the WMO, the measuring instruments of all meteorological services have to be regularly calibrated. There is still much data coming from instruments lacking any calibration and adjustment. Our efforts are to make it easy for a meteorological service to set up and operate a calibration laboratory for a variety of physical quantities common for meteorological measurements. MicroStep-MIS develops its own calibrators for pressure (Pressurewell) and relative humidity (Humiwell). MicroStep-MIS develops software for calibration automation, compatible with third-party sensors and devices. MicroStep-MIS also operates an ISO/IEC 17025-accredited laboratory for calibration of temperature, relative humidity, pressure and rain gauges.

12:00

Chemical sensors in global atmospheric monitoring

Dr Peter Edwards
Senior research fellow
Wolfson Atmospheric Chemistry Laboratories
UK
Lower-cost chemical sensors may prove to be a disruptive technology for air pollution measurement, potentially placing large numbers of devices into the hands of the general public. The precision and accuracy of low-cost sensors is an area of active research and there is considerable debate regarding the use of sensor-derived data for regulatory or management purposes. In this presentation the potential role of lower-cost sensors in global change detection is considered, summarising recent scientific assessments of the technology and possible applications by the reactive gases science advisory group of the WMO Global Atmosphere Watch.

12:30

The future demands of monitoring technologies

Carsten M Steenberg
CEO
RainWise Inc
USA
The presentation will discuss the future of air quality monitoring CO2, PM2.5. and utilisation of sky cameras for the (visual monitoring) of cloud cover; future communication protocols such as IoT via LoRaWAN; onboard cell modem demands and the challenges associated with power management of wireless weather stations.

Early detection warning

Moderator

Prof David McLaughlin
Professor and associate dean
University of Massachusetts
USA

13:00

real-time Tracking & Nowcasting of Thunderstorms (rTNT)

Daniel Betz
CPO
nowcast GmbH
GERMANY
Nowcast has developed a new feature in lightning detection: real-time Tracking & Nowcasting of Thunderstorms (rTNT). All lightning events are not only located in real-time but also processed further right in the moment of their appearance. Shape and parameters of thunderstorm cells are updated right after every new stroke has been detected. This event-driven processing allows for shortest response time and precision in evaluation of a thunderstorm situation. Especially forecasting of hail is set to fastest reaction time ever using LINET’s three-dimensional lightning data. rTNT enables customers to mitigate risks of thunderstorms, especially severe ones causing life-threatening danger.

13:30

Climatological analysis and early warning system in the Sirba basin

Dr Alessandro Pezzoli
Senior lecturer
DIST - Politecnico di Torino
ITALY
In the last decades the variability in rainfall in the Sahel zone has had great consequences on the economy of the Sirba basin, a transboundary basin between Niger and Burkina Faso. The basin constitutes a really important water resource for both states. The basin posed safety problems for its indigenous populations because of an increasing number of flood events due to an increase in high-intensity precipitation rather than an increase in the total amount precipitation. The climatic characterisation of the Sirba basin is developed in view of a successive implementation of an early warning system against floods.

14:00

StormTrack: a novel storm tracking and nowcasting system

Dr Matteo Picchiani
Technical manager
GEO-K Srl
ITALY
StormTrack is a system able to detect, track and make nowcasting of thunderstorms by analysing the Meteosat Second Generation images. No ground data is used for the storms monitoring. The system is pre-operational and its coverage spans from South America to the Indian Ocean and from Northern Europe to South Africa. The thunderstorms trend is updated every 15 minutes over the whole covered area and every five minutes over Europe. The purpose of the system is to provide a first level of storms warning to prevent natural disasters in countries with no weather data coverage.

14:30

Value of eye tracking research for the meteorological industry and beyond

Ali Farokhian
Head of services
Tobii Pro
SWEDEN
Employees today are having to deal with an increased amount of data while operating complex systems. In industries where tasks involve visual skills, such as weather forecasting or air traffic control, behavioural data provides insights into cognitive workload, visual skills and decision making. In this talk we will share examples of how these immediate and objective insights help improve training, productivity and safety in the workplace.

Radars

Moderator

Prof David McLaughlin
Professor and associate dean
University of Massachusetts
USA

15:00

Technology update on low-cost X-band weather radars

Prof David McLaughlin
Professor and associate dean
University of Massachusetts
USA
The CASA project in the USA advanced the concept of dense networks of small, low-cost X-band weather radars as a means to fill in low-altitude surveillance coverage gaps in today's C- and S-band weather radar networks. Much theory has been developed and prototype X-band networks are operating in numerous places around the globe. But full-scale adoption of this concept requires many hundreds or even thousands of radars. This paper will survey the present state of commercial X-band radar offerings with an emphasis on phased-array technology. This will be an update of the author's 2014 presentation in Brussels.

15:30

Inserting multi-function lidars into operational weather observation networks

Dr Ludovic Thobois
Aviation and meteorology science and applications manager
Leosphere
FRANCE
Existing weather observation networks have been continuously evolving from synoptic network with synoptic stations, satellites and now remote sensing. The emergence of new sensors like the coherent Doppler lidars based on optical fibre technology implies a rethink of the architecture of existing networks. In this paper, a study will be presented to list the opportunities offered by such sensors and the challenges to overcome in order to insert them into existing networks. A series of trials and pioneer projects will be presented, showing recent advancements in terms of validated products and how to combine them with other sensors.

16:00

LIdar – new techniques create new data

George Georgousis
CEO
Raymetrics SA
GREECE
Those familiar with lidar in the meteorology sector commonly think of Doppler lidars for measuring wind. However, the lidar technique encompasses a range of technologies that measure the atmosphere in different ways, including backscatter, Raman and depolarisation lidars, differential absorption lidars (DIAL), lidar-induced fluorescence (LIF) and more. The techniques are all new to the marketplace. We will discuss the lidar technique itself, including its capabilities (and limitations). This will include newly available technologies for particle identification (e.g. for volcanic ash detection), pollution tracking, 3D/incoming cloud heights, fog detection and remote visibility measurement. We will also discuss future product developments.

16:30

Meteorological radar networks: balancing efficiency and effectiveness

André Weipert
Head meteorological information systems
Selex ES GmbH
GERMANY
The operation of weather radar networks is a growing demand worldwide. The seamless operation of different weather radars in a centralised or decentralised network environment is a manifold challenge since production year, weather radar suppliers, technological standards, bandwidth (X,C,S), operational surveillance, legacy system integration, meteorological data processing and assimilation, data standards and interfaces as well as data consolidation, calibration and accuracy may vary significantly. This presentation shows a multi-tier approach to establish in iterative steps a coherent and sustainable strategy for national weather services or civil aviation authorities to tackle these challenges successfully.

Day 2: Wednesday 11 October

Marine

Moderator

Dr Robert Weller
Senior scientist
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
USA

11:00

Surface meteorological and air-sea flux observations from surface buoys

Dr Robert Weller
Senior scientist
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
USA
Climate quality surface meteorological and air-sea flux observations are being collected at three sites in the open ocean. These stations were established in 2000, 2001 and 2004, and the surface moorings are recovered and replaced once a year. The low-power instrumentation and sensors in use are described. Laboratory and field calibrations are used to quantify the accuracies achieved on these surface buoys. The data is withheld from GTS and provides an independent basis for examining the performance of models and remote sensing methods in representing open ocean surface meteorology and air-sea fluxes.

11:30

Marine weather forecasting – navigation, meteorology and personality

Gianfranco Meggiorin
President
Navimeteo
ITALY
The presentation will discuss: marine weather services for route optimisation and safety at sea; the main sources, software solutions and the added value of the human interface; the importance of the personality in every single forecast; onboard observations; push weather and advanced warnings in the yachting and cruising sectors.

Aviation

Moderator

Dr Robert Weller
Senior scientist
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
USA

12:00

EMADDC: towards operational collection of Mode-S EHS observations in Europe

Jan Sondij
Senior advisor aviation meteorology
KNMI
NETHERLANDS
The status and latest developments of the SESAR deployment project European Meteorological Aircraft Derived Data Center (EMADDC) will be presented. New air traffic control surveillance technology like ADS-B and Mode-S offer great potential to either obtain or derive wind direction, wind speed and temperature observations in numbers unprecedented in the European region. The project objective is to install an operational service for collecting, processing and disseminating Mode-S EHS/MRAR ADD meteorological data for the aviation and meteorological domain. Assistance with collecting and decoding raw Mode-S information is part of this project that is operated by KNMI and the UK Met Office.

12:30

Towards an integrated and holistic approach for early warning systems

Dr Roelof Bruintjes
Chief scientist
Advanced Radar Company
USA
Observational systems in meteorology and hydrology are often independently operated and interpreted. For the development of optimal and accurate products for early warning systems it is important that these systems and data are integrated to enhance the products delivered. Furthermore, warnings should be tailored to the user needs. Examples from aviation and hydrology will be discussed as part of the presentation.

13:00

Weather Intelligence for ATC and Airport Operations – ENAV’s Advanced Lightning Detection Program

Jim Anderson
Senior VP, global sales
Earth Networks
USA
As extremes in severe weather continue to impact global aviation operations, the importance of big weather data analytics is more important today than ever in keeping crew, passengers and infrastructure safe from weather-related threats. Go inside the operations of one of the leading providers of air traffic services (ATS) in the world, and find out how ENAV leverages advanced lightning data from Earth Networks Total Lightning Network to optimize ATC.

13:30

Innovating meteorological solution for aviation: MFI presents the SAAPI project

Jean Sébastien Cases
VP, sales and marketing
Meteo France International - MFI
FRANCE
Improve air safety in Africa: this is the challenge MFI has taken up in collaboration with the ASECNA by developing an exclusive meteorological solution dedicated to aviation issues. Meant to be implemented in 17 African countries, the SAAPI solution relies on a 100% web-based architecture for easy access to data and simplified implementation or maintenance on a national and transnational level. SYNERGIE-WEB, MFI’s leading forecasting system, is the cornerstone of the SAAPI solution providing unique visualization capabilities and efficient decision-making tools."

14:00

Integrating Weather with Your Sensor Networks

Tim Bush
Sales manager
OTT Hydromet – MeteoStar, a Division of Sutron Corporation
USA
“Weather influences every industry in some financial capacity, and staying ahead of the weather is crucial in today’s business environment. The ability to integrate your specialized sensor network data with weather data is a powerful way to minimize risk and increase your bottom line. Come and learn about how MeteoStar and its LEADS® system have been successful in industries that include Aviation, Space Launch, Traffic, and many, many more!”

Agriculture/Environmental

Moderator

Dr Robert Weller
Senior scientist
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
USA

14:30

Weather derivative products to hedge against risk of unfavourable weather

Rebecca Leonardi
Partner
Wx Risk Global
USA
There is reluctance to consider disaster risk management as a tool to offset the financial impacts of adverse weather and compensate for economic suffering in developing countries. There is a clear link between the transpiring weather markets and the solutions to the problems created by climate-based natural disasters. There are numerous opportunities for risk to be amassed and shared globally. The natural disasters that account for loss of life also cause severe economic problems in developing nations. Weather derivatives can provide financial protection at the critical juncture when weather events strike, before famine and crop devastation have begun.

15:00

Cavity ring-down spectrometer for real-time high-precision atmospheric ammonia measurements

Renato Winkler
Application scientist
Picarro
NETHERLANDS
Ammonia emissions from agricultural and industrial activities have become an ever-more important topic for scientists and regulatory bodies due to the severe impacts of ammonia on human health and the environment. Atmospheric ammonia is a known precursor gas of fine particle matter, PM 2.5 and 10. Here we present our latest Picarro G2103 NH3 analyser and how it has been used to accurately measure NH3 emissions. The analyser covers a very large operational range from sub-ppb up to 50ppm, and allows for a wide range of field-based atmospheric monitoring applications.

15:30

Wind-induced undercatch on rainfall measurements specifically in hydrological applications

Mark Dutton
Managing Director
Environmental Measurements Limited
UK
Michael Pollock
KTP associate at Newcastle University
Environmental Measurements Limited
UK
Rainfall measurements are currently prone to substantial error due to wind-related errors. As the wind approaches the rim of the rain gauge it naturally speeds up; as a result it removes a percentage (as much as 20%) of the rainfall that would have been collected in the device. Rainfall is the critical component of the hydrological cycle. When inaccurately measured, runoff, groundwater recharge, crop growth and pollution estimates and flood warnings are all subject to error. EML, with partners NextSense and MMI from South East Asia, have developed a new automated hydrology system to reduce these errors.

Moderator

Dr Wenjian Zhang
Assistant secretary-general
World Meteorological Organization (WMO)
SWITZERLAND

16:00 - 17:00

Panel Discussion-Supporting the Sustainable Development Goals

Dr Wenjian Zhang
Assistant secretary-general
World Meteorological Organization (WMO)
SWITZERLAND
Bryce Ford
Vice president of atmospheric programmes, council member, Association of the Hydrometeorological Equipment Industry
SpectraSensors Inc
USA
Daniel Kull
Senior disaster risk management specialist
World Bank Group - Geneva
SWITZERLAND
This panel will focus on the growing partnership between all sectors in the Global Weather Enterprise (GWE) and international development institutions such as the World Bank, to achieve sustainable systems with optimized benefits for developing nations and regions, and a low risk in project implementation. Topics to be discussed include: •Current standard development project financing processes, including limitations and opportunities. •New project financing and implementation models to achieve financial risk management and more sustainable solutions. •International standards to achieve technical risk management for observing systems, data exchange, operational processes, public warnings, and critical services. • Building and sustaining organizational capacity with modernization projects, challenges and opportunities. •Project implementation alternatives for sustainable solutions; traditional approaches, services oriented approaches, and public private partnership approaches and their relative technical/financial risks.

Day 2: Wednesday 11 October

Measurement and Technology

Moderator

Prof David McLaughlin
Professor and associate dean
University of Massachusetts
USA

10:30

Off-the-shelf instrumentation of small UAVs

Anders Petersson
President
Sparv Embedded AB
SWEDEN
UAVs hold great promise to deliver in-situ measurements that were previously impossible or cost-prohibitive. We will introduce common challenges of UAV-based sensing and how we address them for an off-the-shelf solution called Sparv Sensors, which is both flexible and easy to use. As a case in point, we present how we help Uppsala University capture high-resolution carbon dioxide readings and correlate them with detailed inversion layer data. This is used to calculate carbon dioxide flux to map the role of lakes in the carbon cycle.

11:00

Sonic thermometry: reference for temperature measurements in fan-aspirated radiation shields

Mark Blonquist
Chief scientist
Apogee Instruments
USA
Sonic anemometers can serve as sonic thermometers if humidity measurements are available (speed of sound in air depends on temperature and humidity). The advantage of sonic thermometry is absence of a physical sensor that must equilibrate with air, providing rapid response and eliminating radiant heating. Temperature from sonic thermometry is directly connected to first principles because speed of sound in a gas (air) is directly related to gas thermodynamic temperature and can be used as a reference to determine the influence of radiant heating on physical sensors. A sonic thermometer was used to verify performance of fan-aspirated radiation shields.

11:30

Design of efficient calibration laboratory for meteorological services

Adam Krovina
Head of calibration laboratory
MicroStep-MIS
SLOVAKIA
According to the WMO, the measuring instruments of all meteorological services have to be regularly calibrated. There is still much data coming from instruments lacking any calibration and adjustment. Our efforts are to make it easy for a meteorological service to set up and operate a calibration laboratory for a variety of physical quantities common for meteorological measurements. MicroStep-MIS develops its own calibrators for pressure (Pressurewell) and relative humidity (Humiwell). MicroStep-MIS develops software for calibration automation, compatible with third-party sensors and devices. MicroStep-MIS also operates an ISO/IEC 17025-accredited laboratory for calibration of temperature, relative humidity, pressure and rain gauges.

12:00

Chemical sensors in global atmospheric monitoring

Dr Peter Edwards
Senior research fellow
Wolfson Atmospheric Chemistry Laboratories
UK
Lower-cost chemical sensors may prove to be a disruptive technology for air pollution measurement, potentially placing large numbers of devices into the hands of the general public. The precision and accuracy of low-cost sensors is an area of active research and there is considerable debate regarding the use of sensor-derived data for regulatory or management purposes. In this presentation the potential role of lower-cost sensors in global change detection is considered, summarising recent scientific assessments of the technology and possible applications by the reactive gases science advisory group of the WMO Global Atmosphere Watch.

12:30

The future demands of monitoring technologies

Carsten M Steenberg
CEO
RainWise Inc
USA
The presentation will discuss the future of air quality monitoring CO2, PM2.5. and utilisation of sky cameras for the (visual monitoring) of cloud cover; future communication protocols such as IoT via LoRaWAN; onboard cell modem demands and the challenges associated with power management of wireless weather stations.

Marine

Moderator

Dr Robert Weller
Senior scientist
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
USA

11:00

Surface meteorological and air-sea flux observations from surface buoys

Dr Robert Weller
Senior scientist
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
USA
Climate quality surface meteorological and air-sea flux observations are being collected at three sites in the open ocean. These stations were established in 2000, 2001 and 2004, and the surface moorings are recovered and replaced once a year. The low-power instrumentation and sensors in use are described. Laboratory and field calibrations are used to quantify the accuracies achieved on these surface buoys. The data is withheld from GTS and provides an independent basis for examining the performance of models and remote sensing methods in representing open ocean surface meteorology and air-sea fluxes.

11:30

Marine weather forecasting – navigation, meteorology and personality

Gianfranco Meggiorin
President
Navimeteo
ITALY
The presentation will discuss: marine weather services for route optimisation and safety at sea; the main sources, software solutions and the added value of the human interface; the importance of the personality in every single forecast; onboard observations; push weather and advanced warnings in the yachting and cruising sectors.

Aviation

Moderator

Dr Robert Weller
Senior scientist
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
USA

12:00

EMADDC: towards operational collection of Mode-S EHS observations in Europe

Jan Sondij
Senior advisor aviation meteorology
KNMI
NETHERLANDS
The status and latest developments of the SESAR deployment project European Meteorological Aircraft Derived Data Center (EMADDC) will be presented. New air traffic control surveillance technology like ADS-B and Mode-S offer great potential to either obtain or derive wind direction, wind speed and temperature observations in numbers unprecedented in the European region. The project objective is to install an operational service for collecting, processing and disseminating Mode-S EHS/MRAR ADD meteorological data for the aviation and meteorological domain. Assistance with collecting and decoding raw Mode-S information is part of this project that is operated by KNMI and the UK Met Office.

12:30

Towards an integrated and holistic approach for early warning systems

Dr Roelof Bruintjes
Chief scientist
Advanced Radar Company
USA
Observational systems in meteorology and hydrology are often independently operated and interpreted. For the development of optimal and accurate products for early warning systems it is important that these systems and data are integrated to enhance the products delivered. Furthermore, warnings should be tailored to the user needs. Examples from aviation and hydrology will be discussed as part of the presentation.

13:00

Weather Intelligence for ATC and Airport Operations – ENAV’s Advanced Lightning Detection Program

Jim Anderson
Senior VP, global sales
Earth Networks
USA
As extremes in severe weather continue to impact global aviation operations, the importance of big weather data analytics is more important today than ever in keeping crew, passengers and infrastructure safe from weather-related threats. Go inside the operations of one of the leading providers of air traffic services (ATS) in the world, and find out how ENAV leverages advanced lightning data from Earth Networks Total Lightning Network to optimize ATC.

13:30

Innovating meteorological solution for aviation: MFI presents the SAAPI project

Jean Sébastien Cases
VP, sales and marketing
Meteo France International - MFI
FRANCE
Improve air safety in Africa: this is the challenge MFI has taken up in collaboration with the ASECNA by developing an exclusive meteorological solution dedicated to aviation issues. Meant to be implemented in 17 African countries, the SAAPI solution relies on a 100% web-based architecture for easy access to data and simplified implementation or maintenance on a national and transnational level. SYNERGIE-WEB, MFI’s leading forecasting system, is the cornerstone of the SAAPI solution providing unique visualization capabilities and efficient decision-making tools."

14:00

Integrating Weather with Your Sensor Networks

Tim Bush
Sales manager
OTT Hydromet – MeteoStar, a Division of Sutron Corporation
USA
“Weather influences every industry in some financial capacity, and staying ahead of the weather is crucial in today’s business environment. The ability to integrate your specialized sensor network data with weather data is a powerful way to minimize risk and increase your bottom line. Come and learn about how MeteoStar and its LEADS® system have been successful in industries that include Aviation, Space Launch, Traffic, and many, many more!”

Early detection warning

Moderator

Prof David McLaughlin
Professor and associate dean
University of Massachusetts
USA

13:00

real-time Tracking & Nowcasting of Thunderstorms (rTNT)

Daniel Betz
CPO
nowcast GmbH
GERMANY
Nowcast has developed a new feature in lightning detection: real-time Tracking & Nowcasting of Thunderstorms (rTNT). All lightning events are not only located in real-time but also processed further right in the moment of their appearance. Shape and parameters of thunderstorm cells are updated right after every new stroke has been detected. This event-driven processing allows for shortest response time and precision in evaluation of a thunderstorm situation. Especially forecasting of hail is set to fastest reaction time ever using LINET’s three-dimensional lightning data. rTNT enables customers to mitigate risks of thunderstorms, especially severe ones causing life-threatening danger.

13:30

Climatological analysis and early warning system in the Sirba basin

Dr Alessandro Pezzoli
Senior lecturer
DIST - Politecnico di Torino
ITALY
In the last decades the variability in rainfall in the Sahel zone has had great consequences on the economy of the Sirba basin, a transboundary basin between Niger and Burkina Faso. The basin constitutes a really important water resource for both states. The basin posed safety problems for its indigenous populations because of an increasing number of flood events due to an increase in high-intensity precipitation rather than an increase in the total amount precipitation. The climatic characterisation of the Sirba basin is developed in view of a successive implementation of an early warning system against floods.

14:00

StormTrack: a novel storm tracking and nowcasting system

Dr Matteo Picchiani
Technical manager
GEO-K Srl
ITALY
StormTrack is a system able to detect, track and make nowcasting of thunderstorms by analysing the Meteosat Second Generation images. No ground data is used for the storms monitoring. The system is pre-operational and its coverage spans from South America to the Indian Ocean and from Northern Europe to South Africa. The thunderstorms trend is updated every 15 minutes over the whole covered area and every five minutes over Europe. The purpose of the system is to provide a first level of storms warning to prevent natural disasters in countries with no weather data coverage.

14:30

Value of eye tracking research for the meteorological industry and beyond

Ali Farokhian
Head of services
Tobii Pro
SWEDEN
Employees today are having to deal with an increased amount of data while operating complex systems. In industries where tasks involve visual skills, such as weather forecasting or air traffic control, behavioural data provides insights into cognitive workload, visual skills and decision making. In this talk we will share examples of how these immediate and objective insights help improve training, productivity and safety in the workplace.

Radars

Moderator

Prof David McLaughlin
Professor and associate dean
University of Massachusetts
USA

15:00

Technology update on low-cost X-band weather radars

Prof David McLaughlin
Professor and associate dean
University of Massachusetts
USA
The CASA project in the USA advanced the concept of dense networks of small, low-cost X-band weather radars as a means to fill in low-altitude surveillance coverage gaps in today's C- and S-band weather radar networks. Much theory has been developed and prototype X-band networks are operating in numerous places around the globe. But full-scale adoption of this concept requires many hundreds or even thousands of radars. This paper will survey the present state of commercial X-band radar offerings with an emphasis on phased-array technology. This will be an update of the author's 2014 presentation in Brussels.

15:30

Inserting multi-function lidars into operational weather observation networks

Dr Ludovic Thobois
Aviation and meteorology science and applications manager
Leosphere
FRANCE
Existing weather observation networks have been continuously evolving from synoptic network with synoptic stations, satellites and now remote sensing. The emergence of new sensors like the coherent Doppler lidars based on optical fibre technology implies a rethink of the architecture of existing networks. In this paper, a study will be presented to list the opportunities offered by such sensors and the challenges to overcome in order to insert them into existing networks. A series of trials and pioneer projects will be presented, showing recent advancements in terms of validated products and how to combine them with other sensors.

16:00

LIdar – new techniques create new data

George Georgousis
CEO
Raymetrics SA
GREECE
Those familiar with lidar in the meteorology sector commonly think of Doppler lidars for measuring wind. However, the lidar technique encompasses a range of technologies that measure the atmosphere in different ways, including backscatter, Raman and depolarisation lidars, differential absorption lidars (DIAL), lidar-induced fluorescence (LIF) and more. The techniques are all new to the marketplace. We will discuss the lidar technique itself, including its capabilities (and limitations). This will include newly available technologies for particle identification (e.g. for volcanic ash detection), pollution tracking, 3D/incoming cloud heights, fog detection and remote visibility measurement. We will also discuss future product developments.

16:30

Meteorological radar networks: balancing efficiency and effectiveness

André Weipert
Head meteorological information systems
Selex ES GmbH
GERMANY
The operation of weather radar networks is a growing demand worldwide. The seamless operation of different weather radars in a centralised or decentralised network environment is a manifold challenge since production year, weather radar suppliers, technological standards, bandwidth (X,C,S), operational surveillance, legacy system integration, meteorological data processing and assimilation, data standards and interfaces as well as data consolidation, calibration and accuracy may vary significantly. This presentation shows a multi-tier approach to establish in iterative steps a coherent and sustainable strategy for national weather services or civil aviation authorities to tackle these challenges successfully.

Agriculture/Environmental

Moderator

Dr Robert Weller
Senior scientist
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
USA

14:30

Weather derivative products to hedge against risk of unfavourable weather

Rebecca Leonardi
Partner
Wx Risk Global
USA
There is reluctance to consider disaster risk management as a tool to offset the financial impacts of adverse weather and compensate for economic suffering in developing countries. There is a clear link between the transpiring weather markets and the solutions to the problems created by climate-based natural disasters. There are numerous opportunities for risk to be amassed and shared globally. The natural disasters that account for loss of life also cause severe economic problems in developing nations. Weather derivatives can provide financial protection at the critical juncture when weather events strike, before famine and crop devastation have begun.

15:00

Cavity ring-down spectrometer for real-time high-precision atmospheric ammonia measurements

Renato Winkler
Application scientist
Picarro
NETHERLANDS
Ammonia emissions from agricultural and industrial activities have become an ever-more important topic for scientists and regulatory bodies due to the severe impacts of ammonia on human health and the environment. Atmospheric ammonia is a known precursor gas of fine particle matter, PM 2.5 and 10. Here we present our latest Picarro G2103 NH3 analyser and how it has been used to accurately measure NH3 emissions. The analyser covers a very large operational range from sub-ppb up to 50ppm, and allows for a wide range of field-based atmospheric monitoring applications.

15:30

Wind-induced undercatch on rainfall measurements specifically in hydrological applications

Mark Dutton
Managing Director
Environmental Measurements Limited
UK
Michael Pollock
KTP associate at Newcastle University
Environmental Measurements Limited
UK
Rainfall measurements are currently prone to substantial error due to wind-related errors. As the wind approaches the rim of the rain gauge it naturally speeds up; as a result it removes a percentage (as much as 20%) of the rainfall that would have been collected in the device. Rainfall is the critical component of the hydrological cycle. When inaccurately measured, runoff, groundwater recharge, crop growth and pollution estimates and flood warnings are all subject to error. EML, with partners NextSense and MMI from South East Asia, have developed a new automated hydrology system to reduce these errors.

Moderator

Dr Wenjian Zhang
Assistant secretary-general
World Meteorological Organization (WMO)
SWITZERLAND

16:00 - 17:00

Panel Discussion-Supporting the Sustainable Development Goals

Dr Wenjian Zhang
Assistant secretary-general
World Meteorological Organization (WMO)
SWITZERLAND
Bryce Ford
Vice president of atmospheric programmes, council member, Association of the Hydrometeorological Equipment Industry
SpectraSensors Inc
USA
Daniel Kull
Senior disaster risk management specialist
World Bank Group - Geneva
SWITZERLAND
This panel will focus on the growing partnership between all sectors in the Global Weather Enterprise (GWE) and international development institutions such as the World Bank, to achieve sustainable systems with optimized benefits for developing nations and regions, and a low risk in project implementation. Topics to be discussed include: •Current standard development project financing processes, including limitations and opportunities. •New project financing and implementation models to achieve financial risk management and more sustainable solutions. •International standards to achieve technical risk management for observing systems, data exchange, operational processes, public warnings, and critical services. • Building and sustaining organizational capacity with modernization projects, challenges and opportunities. •Project implementation alternatives for sustainable solutions; traditional approaches, services oriented approaches, and public private partnership approaches and their relative technical/financial risks.

Day 3: Thursday 12 October

Radars

Moderator

Dr Alessandro Pezzoli
Senior lecturer
DIST - Politecnico di Torino
ITALY

10:30

Wind and thermodynamic surveillance for local weather forecasting

Dr Randolph Ware
Chief scientist
Radiometrics
USA
The need for near-continuous wind and thermodynamic (temperature and humidity) soundings for accurate local high-impact weather forecasting is widely acknowledged. Radiometrics (RDX) integrated radar wind and radiometric thermodynamic profiling systems satisfy this need. Other options for RDX profiling systems include acoustic (sodar) and Doppler lidar wind profilers, and cross-polarisation aerosol lidars. Applications include: airport and launch operations, air quality, wind and solar energy forecasts, fire weather, thunderstorm risk, electric load forecasts, fog forecasts, icing risk. We present integrated profiling examples that address these applications.

11:00

Operation results from the FURUNO WR-2100 weather radar installation in Hvidovre, Denmark.

Niels Einar Jensen
Manager
Furuno Denmark AS
DENMARK
Peter Rasch
Managing Director and Partner
Informetic AS
The presentation will outline experiences using a dual-polarity, 3D, Doppler X-band weather radar, rain and flow gauges and disdrometer in comparison with C-band radar data for urban catchment

11:30

Novel precipitation estimation with polarimetric cloud radar

Dr Alexander Myagkov
Scientist
Radiometer Physics GmbH
GERMANY
Scanning polarimetric cloud radars, which are becoming increasingly available nowadays, have great potential for accurate estimations of precipitation intensity. Having Doppler capabilities, such radars can resolve raindrops having few cm/s difference in the terminal fall velocity. Measured polarimetric signatures characterise raindrop shapes, which are linearly related to their sizes. Combined analysis of Doppler and polarimetric information provided by a scanning polarimetric cloud radar allows for estimation of drop-size distribution and rain intensity. In this talk, such an approach is illustrated by observations with a newly developed W-band cloud radar.

12:00

Value-added weather radar products for decision support

Bob Dreisewerd
Chief development officer
Baron Services Inc
USA
The proliferation of dual polarisation weather radars during the past decade has led to improvements in the detection of weather events. Baron Services, a global leader in providing critical weather intelligence to its customers, has focused its efforts on improving radar data quality and creation of highly accurate and meaningful radar products. Baron has developed and implemented patented, innovative value-added weather radar products beyond those products typically provided with a standard weather radar solution. This presentation will detail some of the recent product innovations, and provide validation of the product accuracy and the resultant value of the products.

Keynote

Moderator

Dr Alessandro Pezzoli
Senior lecturer
DIST - Politecnico di Torino
ITALY

12:30

Issues, concerns, opportunities and challenges in Antarctic research stations

Dr Ravindranath Nayak
Head, marine instrumentation division
National Institute of Oceanography
INDIA
Much attention has been paid to the maintenance and enhancement of manned Antarctic research stations. Modern facilities and robotic collections along with micro air vehicles for sample collections in harsh environments are under serious consideration and prototype scenarios. These will surely serve as the next-gen instrumentation systems for Antarctic research logistics once standardised to IEEE and other global standards soon.

Measurement and Technology

Moderator

Dr Alessandro Pezzoli
Senior lecturer
DIST - Politecnico di Torino
ITALY

13:00

Subsecond irradiance measurements with a fast response secondary standard pyranometer

Dr Mario Po
Researcher
EKO Instruments
NETHERLANDS
In this paper we evaluate a recently developed ISO 9060 secondary standard global irradiance sensor intended for high-end applications. The sensor permits measurements with a response time below 1 sec at a confidence level >98%. Validation of the sensor measurements is performed by comparing its measurements with the output from conventional secondary standard pyranometers, and faster photodiode-based sensors. The new sensor is capable of accurately measuring irradiance variations below 1s, such as cloud enhancement events, which the conventional slower thermopile detectors tend to smooth.

13:30

Supplementary air quality monitoring

Hannamari Jaakkola
Business development manager
Vaisala Oyj
FINLAND
Air quality affects quality of life, but current monitoring networks do not provide enough information on local conditions. In today’s statutory air quality networks, measurements are made with fixed stations using standard reference methods. Analysers using these methods are well established and accurate, but costly to acquire, operate and maintain, so the quantity and spatial density of these stations is relatively low. Typically, stations are several kilometres apart even in big cities. Supplementary air quality monitoring provides a new type of cost-effective solution for monitoring ambient air quality, providing real-time information about the local air quality.

14:00

ALERT2: US/AU open standard RF protocol for excellent hydromet data

Ilse Gayl
Chairman
OneRain Inc
USA
For 40 years, many flood managers have relied on monitoring networks using ALERT, an inexpensive radio protocol. Real-time rainfall, water levels and other parameters in an open standard created a healthy supplier market. Today’s requirements for efficient bandwidth use, complete error-free data, and more monitoring sites led to a new protocol: ALERT2, trademarked by the non-profit USA-based National Hydrologic Warning Council. Used by leading US flood management agencies, it is starting in Australia and is supported by at least 11 vendors. Current enhancements include two-way and control functions, encryption and hybrid media network support (e.g. ALERT2 over IP).

14:30

From sunrise to sunset: an improved sunshine duration measurement

Dr Niek-Jan Bink
Director/co-owner
M&Air BV
NETHERLANDS
Currently the WMO defines sunshine as when direct irradiance exceeds a threshold of 120W/m2. When using this definition, it is not possible to easily determine sunshine during sunrise and sunset. We propose a method consisting of two elements: measuring illuminance instead of irradiance and a unique airmass-based threshold. Preliminary results show improved sunshine detection at low solar elevation angles as well as improved accuracy with relation to pyranometric-based methods.

Day 3: Thursday 12 October

Agriculture/Environmental

Moderator

Dr Adriano Fedi
Senior engineer
Acrotec Foundation
ITALY

11:30

Working with weather: advances in agricultural field management

Russell Heilig
VP of development
Davis Instruments
USA
Continued development of affordable and robust monitoring equipment has greatly aided farm and field managers in making strong operating decisions. The combination of local sensors and reliable telemetry has made the processes of irrigation, frost and crop management much more efficient, allowing managers to better evaluate areas of concern, and more optimally deploy resources. The presentation will walk through examples of how this new data is being assembled, processed and presented to the decision makers to help optimise their field operations.

12:00

Handheld wind measurements as input to numerical weather prediction

Kasper Hintz
Industrial PhD student
Vaavud
DENMARK
Sensors for smartphones, including low-cost anemometers, are becoming increasingly available. Incorporating data from such sensors in numerical weather prediction and via sharing has great potential to improve decision making in many industries, such as agriculture and construction, etc. as well as in many recreational situations, such as sailing, drone flying and so on. This data can be used in post-processing, to estimate surface characteristics such as roughness length, etc., and potentially in data assimilation. Realising the full potential, of course, requires the data to be thoroughly validated – a task for which machine learning is well suited.

12:30

Meteorological risk assessment – 30 years of history and real-time weather mapping

Karl G Gutbrod
CEO
Meteoblue AG
SWITZERLAND
Historical weather data is key for estimating crop yield, risk analysis or site assessments. Furthermore, it can be used as a forecasting tool by comparing the current season with the outcome of similar years in the past. For short-term forecasting, every application requires specially tailored weather maps that can be configured on the fly. For week-ahead planning, weather forecasts are of key importance to assess short-term risks. With interactive weather maps, spatial patterns can be analysed from the global to the local scale. Visualising current observations, satellite data, weather forecast, air pollution and ocean data can be combined to meet user-specific needs on the fly.

Requirements of developing countries

Moderator

Dr Adriano Fedi
Senior engineer
Acrotec Foundation
ITALY

13:00

Environmental monitoring in DCs with a new open hardware solution

Dr Adriano Fedi
Senior engineer
Acrotec Foundation
ITALY
This work aims at describing the application of a new open hardware solution in the Caribbean area and in Bolivia. ACRONET Paradigm covers every aspect regarding environmental monitoring systems, from design to data visualisation. Some activities are normally in charge to the end users: local people are normally involved in installation and maintenance activities. Furthermore, data is fully accessible as schematics, bills of materials and firmware are, also giving the possibility for people with proper expertise to realise everything with full autonomy. These aspects tend to make ACRONET Paradigm particularly suitable for application in DCs.

Military

Moderator

Dr Adriano Fedi
Senior engineer
Acrotec Foundation
ITALY

13:30

Mobile weather support capabilities

Jos Leten
Wing commander
Belgian Air Force
BELGIUM
In different conflict zones or disaster areas, military forces require accurate meteorological and oceanographic information, tailored to the client's demands. Highly skilled personnel and state-of-the-art equipment is needed to fulfil this mission. International cooperation is a must to overcome all challenges. This presentation offers an insight into how to deal with the unexpected.

Moderator

Alan Thorpe
Visiting professor
University of Reading
UK

14:00 - 15:00

Panel Discussion- The Future of the Global Weather Enterprise: Opportunities and Risks

Jeannine Hendricks
Programme/business manager
Rockwell Collins/IMS
USA
Daniel Kull
Senior disaster risk management specialist
World Bank Group - Geneva
SWITZERLAND
David Grimes
President
United Nations World Meteorological Organization
CANADA
This panel will focus on the growing partnership between the Public, Private and Academic sectors, including how to move forward and improve active engagement. The end result would be a high quality and well better integrated Global Weather Enterprise (GWE) that ensures worldwide comparability and interoperability, to meet the needs of our interconnected global society. Examples of issues that could be covered: • Future direction, growth and new business models for the global weather enterprise • Quality standards and accreditation of inputs (e.g. observations and technology) and outputs (e.g. forecasts) • Data sharing and engagement between the sectors and creating a culture of mutual respect and co-operation •Addressing obstacles to growth of the global weather enterprise •Future direction, growth and new business models •Standardisation •Data sharing/ co-operation between the sectors and creating a balanced partnership

Day 3: Thursday 12 October

Radars

Moderator

Dr Alessandro Pezzoli
Senior lecturer
DIST - Politecnico di Torino
ITALY

10:30

Wind and thermodynamic surveillance for local weather forecasting

Dr Randolph Ware
Chief scientist
Radiometrics
USA
The need for near-continuous wind and thermodynamic (temperature and humidity) soundings for accurate local high-impact weather forecasting is widely acknowledged. Radiometrics (RDX) integrated radar wind and radiometric thermodynamic profiling systems satisfy this need. Other options for RDX profiling systems include acoustic (sodar) and Doppler lidar wind profilers, and cross-polarisation aerosol lidars. Applications include: airport and launch operations, air quality, wind and solar energy forecasts, fire weather, thunderstorm risk, electric load forecasts, fog forecasts, icing risk. We present integrated profiling examples that address these applications.

11:00

Operation results from the FURUNO WR-2100 weather radar installation in Hvidovre, Denmark.

Niels Einar Jensen
Manager
Furuno Denmark AS
DENMARK
Peter Rasch
Managing Director and Partner
Informetic AS
The presentation will outline experiences using a dual-polarity, 3D, Doppler X-band weather radar, rain and flow gauges and disdrometer in comparison with C-band radar data for urban catchment

11:30

Novel precipitation estimation with polarimetric cloud radar

Dr Alexander Myagkov
Scientist
Radiometer Physics GmbH
GERMANY
Scanning polarimetric cloud radars, which are becoming increasingly available nowadays, have great potential for accurate estimations of precipitation intensity. Having Doppler capabilities, such radars can resolve raindrops having few cm/s difference in the terminal fall velocity. Measured polarimetric signatures characterise raindrop shapes, which are linearly related to their sizes. Combined analysis of Doppler and polarimetric information provided by a scanning polarimetric cloud radar allows for estimation of drop-size distribution and rain intensity. In this talk, such an approach is illustrated by observations with a newly developed W-band cloud radar.

12:00

Value-added weather radar products for decision support

Bob Dreisewerd
Chief development officer
Baron Services Inc
USA
The proliferation of dual polarisation weather radars during the past decade has led to improvements in the detection of weather events. Baron Services, a global leader in providing critical weather intelligence to its customers, has focused its efforts on improving radar data quality and creation of highly accurate and meaningful radar products. Baron has developed and implemented patented, innovative value-added weather radar products beyond those products typically provided with a standard weather radar solution. This presentation will detail some of the recent product innovations, and provide validation of the product accuracy and the resultant value of the products.

Agriculture/Environmental

Moderator

Dr Adriano Fedi
Senior engineer
Acrotec Foundation
ITALY

11:30

Working with weather: advances in agricultural field management

Russell Heilig
VP of development
Davis Instruments
USA
Continued development of affordable and robust monitoring equipment has greatly aided farm and field managers in making strong operating decisions. The combination of local sensors and reliable telemetry has made the processes of irrigation, frost and crop management much more efficient, allowing managers to better evaluate areas of concern, and more optimally deploy resources. The presentation will walk through examples of how this new data is being assembled, processed and presented to the decision makers to help optimise their field operations.

12:00

Handheld wind measurements as input to numerical weather prediction

Kasper Hintz
Industrial PhD student
Vaavud
DENMARK
Sensors for smartphones, including low-cost anemometers, are becoming increasingly available. Incorporating data from such sensors in numerical weather prediction and via sharing has great potential to improve decision making in many industries, such as agriculture and construction, etc. as well as in many recreational situations, such as sailing, drone flying and so on. This data can be used in post-processing, to estimate surface characteristics such as roughness length, etc., and potentially in data assimilation. Realising the full potential, of course, requires the data to be thoroughly validated – a task for which machine learning is well suited.

12:30

Meteorological risk assessment – 30 years of history and real-time weather mapping

Karl G Gutbrod
CEO
Meteoblue AG
SWITZERLAND
Historical weather data is key for estimating crop yield, risk analysis or site assessments. Furthermore, it can be used as a forecasting tool by comparing the current season with the outcome of similar years in the past. For short-term forecasting, every application requires specially tailored weather maps that can be configured on the fly. For week-ahead planning, weather forecasts are of key importance to assess short-term risks. With interactive weather maps, spatial patterns can be analysed from the global to the local scale. Visualising current observations, satellite data, weather forecast, air pollution and ocean data can be combined to meet user-specific needs on the fly.

Requirements of developing countries

Moderator

Dr Adriano Fedi
Senior engineer
Acrotec Foundation
ITALY

13:00

Environmental monitoring in DCs with a new open hardware solution

Dr Adriano Fedi
Senior engineer
Acrotec Foundation
ITALY
This work aims at describing the application of a new open hardware solution in the Caribbean area and in Bolivia. ACRONET Paradigm covers every aspect regarding environmental monitoring systems, from design to data visualisation. Some activities are normally in charge to the end users: local people are normally involved in installation and maintenance activities. Furthermore, data is fully accessible as schematics, bills of materials and firmware are, also giving the possibility for people with proper expertise to realise everything with full autonomy. These aspects tend to make ACRONET Paradigm particularly suitable for application in DCs.

Military

Moderator

Dr Adriano Fedi
Senior engineer
Acrotec Foundation
ITALY

13:30

Mobile weather support capabilities

Jos Leten
Wing commander
Belgian Air Force
BELGIUM
In different conflict zones or disaster areas, military forces require accurate meteorological and oceanographic information, tailored to the client's demands. Highly skilled personnel and state-of-the-art equipment is needed to fulfil this mission. International cooperation is a must to overcome all challenges. This presentation offers an insight into how to deal with the unexpected.

Moderator

Alan Thorpe
Visiting professor
University of Reading
UK

14:00 - 15:00

Panel Discussion- The Future of the Global Weather Enterprise: Opportunities and Risks

Jeannine Hendricks
Programme/business manager
Rockwell Collins/IMS
USA
Daniel Kull
Senior disaster risk management specialist
World Bank Group - Geneva
SWITZERLAND
David Grimes
President
United Nations World Meteorological Organization
CANADA
This panel will focus on the growing partnership between the Public, Private and Academic sectors, including how to move forward and improve active engagement. The end result would be a high quality and well better integrated Global Weather Enterprise (GWE) that ensures worldwide comparability and interoperability, to meet the needs of our interconnected global society. Examples of issues that could be covered: • Future direction, growth and new business models for the global weather enterprise • Quality standards and accreditation of inputs (e.g. observations and technology) and outputs (e.g. forecasts) • Data sharing and engagement between the sectors and creating a culture of mutual respect and co-operation •Addressing obstacles to growth of the global weather enterprise •Future direction, growth and new business models •Standardisation •Data sharing/ co-operation between the sectors and creating a balanced partnership

Keynote

Moderator

Dr Alessandro Pezzoli
Senior lecturer
DIST - Politecnico di Torino
ITALY

12:30

Issues, concerns, opportunities and challenges in Antarctic research stations

Dr Ravindranath Nayak
Head, marine instrumentation division
National Institute of Oceanography
INDIA
Much attention has been paid to the maintenance and enhancement of manned Antarctic research stations. Modern facilities and robotic collections along with micro air vehicles for sample collections in harsh environments are under serious consideration and prototype scenarios. These will surely serve as the next-gen instrumentation systems for Antarctic research logistics once standardised to IEEE and other global standards soon.

Measurement and Technology

Moderator

Dr Alessandro Pezzoli
Senior lecturer
DIST - Politecnico di Torino
ITALY

13:00

Subsecond irradiance measurements with a fast response secondary standard pyranometer

Dr Mario Po
Researcher
EKO Instruments
NETHERLANDS
In this paper we evaluate a recently developed ISO 9060 secondary standard global irradiance sensor intended for high-end applications. The sensor permits measurements with a response time below 1 sec at a confidence level >98%. Validation of the sensor measurements is performed by comparing its measurements with the output from conventional secondary standard pyranometers, and faster photodiode-based sensors. The new sensor is capable of accurately measuring irradiance variations below 1s, such as cloud enhancement events, which the conventional slower thermopile detectors tend to smooth.

13:30

Supplementary air quality monitoring

Hannamari Jaakkola
Business development manager
Vaisala Oyj
FINLAND
Air quality affects quality of life, but current monitoring networks do not provide enough information on local conditions. In today’s statutory air quality networks, measurements are made with fixed stations using standard reference methods. Analysers using these methods are well established and accurate, but costly to acquire, operate and maintain, so the quantity and spatial density of these stations is relatively low. Typically, stations are several kilometres apart even in big cities. Supplementary air quality monitoring provides a new type of cost-effective solution for monitoring ambient air quality, providing real-time information about the local air quality.

14:00

ALERT2: US/AU open standard RF protocol for excellent hydromet data

Ilse Gayl
Chairman
OneRain Inc
USA
For 40 years, many flood managers have relied on monitoring networks using ALERT, an inexpensive radio protocol. Real-time rainfall, water levels and other parameters in an open standard created a healthy supplier market. Today’s requirements for efficient bandwidth use, complete error-free data, and more monitoring sites led to a new protocol: ALERT2, trademarked by the non-profit USA-based National Hydrologic Warning Council. Used by leading US flood management agencies, it is starting in Australia and is supported by at least 11 vendors. Current enhancements include two-way and control functions, encryption and hybrid media network support (e.g. ALERT2 over IP).

14:30

From sunrise to sunset: an improved sunshine duration measurement

Dr Niek-Jan Bink
Director/co-owner
M&Air BV
NETHERLANDS
Currently the WMO defines sunshine as when direct irradiance exceeds a threshold of 120W/m2. When using this definition, it is not possible to easily determine sunshine during sunrise and sunset. We propose a method consisting of two elements: measuring illuminance instead of irradiance and a unique airmass-based threshold. Preliminary results show improved sunshine detection at low solar elevation angles as well as improved accuracy with relation to pyranometric-based methods.
Please Note: This conference programme may be subject to change

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Future Show: Meteorological Technology World Expo 2018, 09-11 October 2018, Hall 8, RAI, Amsterdam, The Netherlands